Two year old female Black bear, Yosemite Valley. Copyright © 2009 James McGrew. Although called a black bear (Ursus americanus) and usually black in the darker forests of the northern and Eastern U.S. However, in Sierra's sunny, open forests of cinnamon trunked trees, brown and golden hues of grasses and under story (except in the lush greenery of spring) they blend into their environment with a range of colors most often including blond, bleached blond with dark roots, red/ginger, and brunette. This young bear forages for insects in a rotting log. Bears acquire most of their protein and fat from insect larvae such as beetle grubs, termites, ants etc.